life

Interesting facts about the Kul-Sharif Mosque.

e6071f48205b3d0649b8c471d16a1f711. Kul-Sharif is not a single building, but a whole complex, consisting of three parts: a mosque, a memorial stone and an administrative building. The total land area, which occupies the mosque is 19 thousand square meters. m. The whole complex of the Kul-Sharif occupies 18946.8 square meters. m.

2. The mosque was opened June 24, 2005 for the 1000 year anniversary of Kazan. It was the largest facility built for the anniversary of the city.

3. At the time of the opening of the mosque was declared the largest mosque in Europe, but in fact it was not that of any one indicator.

4. In the main hall of the mosque are books in which are inscribed the names of people who donated money to build a mosque. In the same room are giftware Qur’an in many languages in the world.

5. The mosque was built for about 9 years. Construction began in 1996 and ended in 2005.

6. The mosque can accommodate a 1,500 people, and in an area can accommodate up to 10,000 people.

7. Mosque architecture recreates the destroyed centuries ago cathedral mosque al-Kabir (13th century), which was in the city of Bulgar. Al-Kabir was a symbol of Islam Volga.

8. The mosque building has 5 floors. Lobby The main entrance is located on the premises of the Imam, the prayer hall and balcony gallery for women. The ground floor of the building forms the stylobate, it projected a female distribution lobby, rooms for bathing, dressing, and Islamic Museum.

9. Museum of Islam, which is in the Kul-Sharif Mosque was opened February 21, 2006. The museum exhibition occupies 2 halls, a total area of 566 square meters. meter.

10. The dome of the mosque resembles a hat-crown, “Kazan cap”. These hats were before Kazan khans. By the same principle were designed dome no less famous St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow, which was built to commemorate the capture of Kazan.

11. The ceiling in the mosque made out artists of the Art Fund of the Republic of Tatarstan. Drawings made on canvas, later raised to the ceiling.

4553359_original12. All lights, including the huge chandelier which hangs under the dome (chandeliers weight – 2.5 tons), made in the Czech Republic according to the sketches of the Tatar artists. At its manufacturing used colored glass and crystal, some petals are gold-plated.

13. All the doors of the mosque in Kazan made of red oak. And for the inner lining of marble was used, which was taken from the Chelyabinsk region.

14. The territory for the future mosque selected 86 experts and specialists in various fields of knowledge. Location is very well chosen, here, there was no geological problem zones. To accurately determine the direction of Mecca architects appealed to astronomers of the Kazan State University.

15. The mosque is named after the legendary Kul Sharif. It actually existed in the 16th century people, one of the heroes of the Tatar people.

Legendary Kul-Sharif Mosque.

5a379c1e92ae9dd8ebacb94aa196b64fKul Sharif is a symbol of Kazan and Tatarstan, is a center of attraction for all the Tartars of the world, one of the nation’s image. Still retained the memory of one of the main mosque in memory of the people who once defended and eventually burned down. Architects restored the structure of the complex, imagining all the beauty and grandeur of the temple, trying to bring him back to his native culture. The basic idea of the reconstruction was in architecture, and was of great historical significance. After all, this is the main mosque in Tatarstan and Tatar people in all, who revived its statehood. The second idea, which was laid in the reconstruction – is the memory of the defenders of the fatherland. Kul-Sharif Mosque – is symbolic and has its own unique architecture. No wonder this mosque is located in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

HISTORY.

After a long defense, which lasted exactly 41 days, 2 October 1552 the Russian army burst in Kazan. Historians call this heroic defense, since the vast 150,000th Muscovite army led by Ivan the Terrible resisted no more than 30 thousand soldiers and cavalry. No one thought of surrender Kazan. However, the latest technical arms of Ivan the Terrible brutally forced their way into the burning city.

The fire covered the news city. Many mosque tower, the walls of which fiercely protect and defend Kazan led by Seid Kul-Sharif, almost completely burned. Last fight to destroy all the city’s defenders. Before Tsar Ivan the Terrible appeared defeated city. He was surprised to examining the most beautiful palaces, which were able to survive, and the strengthening of the city. King celebrated his victory and in honor of that ordered the construction of a memorial temple. In Moscow revived the beautiful St. Basil’s Cathedral, with nine towers (only the ninth time Ivan the Terrible was able to win Kazan). A central Kazan mosque was completely destroyed. After taking the city, Kazan was a sad look. All the defenders were killed and the town was almost completely burned down. The capital of the Khanate was in ruins, fires continued.

During the defense of Kazan Seid Kul-Sharif was the chief executive. His disciples offered stubborn resistance, but after the assault they all died heroically. Kul-Sharif died too. The mosque was destroyed and burned.

Many years have passed. And at a time when democracy was rolled out in all its glory, the public began to raise the question of whether to restore the famous Kul-Sharif Mosque. Tatar people for centuries dreamed about it, and then, finally, the President of the Republic of Tatarstan went to meet them. In autumn 1995, the President of the Republic of Tatarstan issued a decree on the reconstruction of the Kul-Sharif in the Kazan Kremlin. In the winter in 1995 was a competition among architects, who were to present the best project of reconstruction of the mosque. A year later, in the winter 1996, it was solemnly laid a memorial sign. A spring 1997 laid the foundation of the mosque.

IT IS  SYMBOLIC KUL-SHARIF MOSQUE .

The most important symbol is the place that chose to build a new mosque. This area was chosen by a survey of experts. Mosque somehow inexplicably bypassed all the many geological failures, faults and landslides, which are abundant in the rest of the Kremlin. The complex is oriented towards Mecca with the highest precision. Schools, barracks and a military parade Cadets’ School symbolizes centuries of military force, which replaced the Tatars. And here it is now built a cult center, which represents the change of different eras.

The artistic image of the whole complex has incorporated a semantic elements that have brought it to the architecture of the mosque Tatar traditions. It is symbolically reflected the legend of the tragic fate of the Kul-Sharif Mosque. The architects have also introduced additional towers, thereby bringing the mosque to the legendary image. and the dome has a shape that is associated with the image of a crown of Kazan khans.

The construction took about 400 million rubles, the money donated 40 thousand citizens and many organizations. The opening day of the mosque became a real celebration of the Tatar people. Thousands of people flocked to the Kazan flows to the eyes to see this mosque. The mosque, named after the legendary Seid Kul Sharif.

That’s all for today…

With love, your HRT Ray.

 

Election of September 13.

Elections always associated me with the most boring day in the world. You get up early in the morning, going to carry out their civic duty in a polling station, put a tick next to the familiar, in the best case, the name and go home to lie down on the sofa and watch the replay an episode of your favorite show for a plate of chips or popcorn. But this year I decided to go on holiday in honor of the election, which has for several years held in Tatarstan. But perhaps I will start all over again.

I got up early in the morning to quickly perform a civic duty and do their business. Went to his polling station and put in a few blanks check, I was given two bracelets: “I voted” (pink) and “We can – we are together” (green).
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With their help, supposedly a day could travel on public transport for free, but I did not believe this and decided to check whether as saying. To tell the truth. Indeed, these bracelets residents who have already voted, could free to travel around by public transport; those who were in his car offer discounts on gasoline; and this bracelet can be free to get on holiday near the Kazan Arena Stadium (about it I’ll tell you later), on the occasion of the election. That’s where I went.

First I went to the line, where there were vintage cars (even kill me, but I am madly in love watching vintage cars). This time it was the cars of “Volga”. I must say that at the time these machines were the subject of the dream of all Soviet motorists. They were something like, Ferarri, Rolls Royce and Lamborghini (who has what dream cars, you can insert your brand). But it could afford only politicians or very rich. Here are a few picture (and other vehicles as well).
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What I liked is the fact that everyone can find here what he is interested. Fans of the books of poetry are able to enjoy the works of new authors in the literature tent.
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Sports enthusiasts can visit the tent with trophies received by athletes, to communicate with the coaches, take pictures with mascots of sports teams and events, and get an autograph from one of the players. Also, you can test yourself and pass regulations jump, push-ups and other sports. The guys could play basketball, and girls at this time could decorate your body with tattoos or time to put on his fine hand drawings of mehendi absolutely free (that’s the way I did).
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In the middle of the celebration for the residents joined and living statues, which can be photographed.
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At the very end of the village houses were full size. You could see them not only outside but inside.
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And next to the blacksmith taught to do the coin, as it did in ancient times and everyone could try his hand in this matter, ask questions.

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Children are also not left without work, they built a separate tent with educational games, contests and concerts.
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By the end of the evening for the residents it was arranged the concert “We can – we are together”, which were headlining singer Yolka, a group of “Murakami” and “Volga-Volga” and Lev Leshchenko, Kazan and many musicians.
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At the end of the holiday the whole sky was tinged with beautiful fireworks. People were so fascinated that I did not pay attention to the stage, all their attention was fully focused on the fireworks.
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That’s so tired, but happy I went home. And what you are, or have held an election?

With love, your HRT Ray.

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