Hello, my darlings! Today’s post I want to dedicate one of my favorite places in Kazan – Kazan Kremlin.
Kazan Kremlin – the central and the oldest part of Kazan, whose history goes back more than 1000 years and preserves the memory of the great rulers and warriors of Volga Bulgaria and the Khanate of Kazan, about fierce battles, victories and defeats of the Tatar people. After the conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible king of the walls and towers of the Kremlin were rebuilt Russian architects of the Pskov model.
In general, no evidence of the exact date of occurrence of the Kazan Kremlin to the present day has not been preserved, but it is assumed that its appearance is rooted in the 10th century. While the city itself was located in the Kazan Kremlin walls, and then its inhabitants have begun to expand the city to the side of the river Bulak.
Since 1236 Kazan Kremlin, Kazan became the center of the principality. And in 1370, Prince Hassan made the Kremlin residence of the Bulgarian princes and laid the first stones in the modern architecture of the Kremlin.
This lasted until 1438, after which the city was conquered Kazan Khan Ulu-Mohammed and became the center of the Kazan Khanate.
In 1552, Tsar Ivan the Terrible raided Kazan. It then began a profound transformation of the Kazan Kremlin. Most of the then wooden walls of the Kazan Kremlin was destroyed as a result of the raid. It was then decided to make Grozny Kremlin wall made of stone. The total area of the Kremlin was a bit extended, wooden tower was replaced with stone. This is only the walls could not be replaced completely – most of the walls of the Kazan Kremlin was still oak. Completely white stone Kremlin was only in the 17th century.
After that, slowly but surely it is going construction of new buildings in the Kazan Kremlin.
In 1992, when there was a formal declaration of the Republic of Tatarstan, Kazan Kremlin became the official seat of government and the president of Tatarstan. Then begins a deep restoration of most of the buildings of the Kremlin. And in 1995 it began the practical implementation of the project on creation of the Kul Sharif Mosque.
In 2000, the Kazan Kremlin was included in the list of World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. The Kremlin is a small town in a big and includes attractions such as the Tower Syuyumbike, Kul-Sharif Mosque and Annunciation Cathedral and other equally world-famous sights of Kazan, about which I’ll tell you in my next post.
With love, your HRT Ray.