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History of Tatar cuisine.

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Since ancient times, the Tatars were steppe nomads, who were almost all the time in campaigns with their families. It is hard to imagine a rich and varied cuisine.

First of all, the basis of the power of the Tatars was energy-rich and most affordable in the conditions of a hike Meat: horse meat, mutton, rarely – beef. The only meat that Tatars as Muslims never used – it is pork.

The food was prepared in the nomadic Tartars parking. Among the boundless steppes broke hiking camps, set tents, bonfires. In large boilers – Kazan – prepared foods: boiled and stewed meat. In the course went and strong, rich broth, remaining after cooking. Often we cooked and roasted meat, spitted large chunks on a skewer – kebabs.

After hiking Tatars usually harvested for future use meat: meat and offal  dried, smoked, salted. It has long been a favorite meat delicacy Tatars was kazylyk – Bloated sausage made from horsemeat.

However, the most favorite for the Tatars have always remained lamb dishes.

Also meat basis Tatar food were milk and fermented dairy products: dishes made of fermented mare’s milk and sheep (mare, cool, katyk ., etc.)

Over time, the Tatars settled in the territory of Russia, and has become a national Tatar cuisine updated with new products and dishes, taking over the culinary traditions of other nations: to dogarhane (tablecloths) appeared in the form of bread, unleavened bread made from rye and wheat flour. In everyday life includes black and green teas (still Tatars – the adherents of green tea), honey, dried fruits, nuts and berries.

Gradually, getting used to a settled life, Tatars began to engage in agriculture and animal husbandry, the diversity of its new types and breeds of cattle: on the courtyards were a cow, meat breeds of sheep and horses. The horses are also bred to work in the field and sell.

A little later appeared poultry, but it did not take a leading role in the Tatar economy.

Along with cattle breeding and agriculture developed. At first it consisted of only one direction – grain. Tatars have sown rye, wheat, oats, millet, buckwheat, peas, and one of the foundations of the power of steel various cereals and cereal dishes.

Much later, caught in the Tatar bee farm, gardening and horticulture. On the table there were dishes of pumpkin, carrot, turnip, radish, onion and green onions.

Potatoes Tatars began to grow only in the mid-19th century, but the dishes out of it soon became the main garnishes Tatar cuisine.

Today Tatars scattered throughout the world. And, naturally, they adhere to the culinary traditions of the people among whom they live. But where have remained more or less large and stable association of Tatars (mainly this Tatarstan and Bashkortostan, Kazakhstan, Astrakhan and Crimean group), the tradition of the Tatar national cuisine remains unchanged.

The basis of the modern Tatar cuisine still make meat, cereals and dairy dishes, pastries and soups and soup on the strong meat broth, especially with the ingredients of cereal and pasta. Fish, poultry, mushrooms and vegetables do not take up a leading position, although it is very popular.

A characteristic feature of the Tartar, as, indeed, any oriental cuisine – plenty of fat: use butter, ghee, less oil, mutton, horse, beef or . poultry fat, and raw or smoked bacon.

Over time Tatar cuisine has not lost its uniqueness – nation cherishes the recipes of national dishes, passing them from generation to generation.

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Interesting facts about the Kul-Sharif Mosque.

e6071f48205b3d0649b8c471d16a1f711. Kul-Sharif is not a single building, but a whole complex, consisting of three parts: a mosque, a memorial stone and an administrative building. The total land area, which occupies the mosque is 19 thousand square meters. m. The whole complex of the Kul-Sharif occupies 18946.8 square meters. m.

2. The mosque was opened June 24, 2005 for the 1000 year anniversary of Kazan. It was the largest facility built for the anniversary of the city.

3. At the time of the opening of the mosque was declared the largest mosque in Europe, but in fact it was not that of any one indicator.

4. In the main hall of the mosque are books in which are inscribed the names of people who donated money to build a mosque. In the same room are giftware Qur’an in many languages in the world.

5. The mosque was built for about 9 years. Construction began in 1996 and ended in 2005.

6. The mosque can accommodate a 1,500 people, and in an area can accommodate up to 10,000 people.

7. Mosque architecture recreates the destroyed centuries ago cathedral mosque al-Kabir (13th century), which was in the city of Bulgar. Al-Kabir was a symbol of Islam Volga.

8. The mosque building has 5 floors. Lobby The main entrance is located on the premises of the Imam, the prayer hall and balcony gallery for women. The ground floor of the building forms the stylobate, it projected a female distribution lobby, rooms for bathing, dressing, and Islamic Museum.

9. Museum of Islam, which is in the Kul-Sharif Mosque was opened February 21, 2006. The museum exhibition occupies 2 halls, a total area of 566 square meters. meter.

10. The dome of the mosque resembles a hat-crown, “Kazan cap”. These hats were before Kazan khans. By the same principle were designed dome no less famous St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow, which was built to commemorate the capture of Kazan.

11. The ceiling in the mosque made out artists of the Art Fund of the Republic of Tatarstan. Drawings made on canvas, later raised to the ceiling.

4553359_original12. All lights, including the huge chandelier which hangs under the dome (chandeliers weight – 2.5 tons), made in the Czech Republic according to the sketches of the Tatar artists. At its manufacturing used colored glass and crystal, some petals are gold-plated.

13. All the doors of the mosque in Kazan made of red oak. And for the inner lining of marble was used, which was taken from the Chelyabinsk region.

14. The territory for the future mosque selected 86 experts and specialists in various fields of knowledge. Location is very well chosen, here, there was no geological problem zones. To accurately determine the direction of Mecca architects appealed to astronomers of the Kazan State University.

15. The mosque is named after the legendary Kul Sharif. It actually existed in the 16th century people, one of the heroes of the Tatar people.

Legendary Kul-Sharif Mosque.

5a379c1e92ae9dd8ebacb94aa196b64fKul Sharif is a symbol of Kazan and Tatarstan, is a center of attraction for all the Tartars of the world, one of the nation’s image. Still retained the memory of one of the main mosque in memory of the people who once defended and eventually burned down. Architects restored the structure of the complex, imagining all the beauty and grandeur of the temple, trying to bring him back to his native culture. The basic idea of the reconstruction was in architecture, and was of great historical significance. After all, this is the main mosque in Tatarstan and Tatar people in all, who revived its statehood. The second idea, which was laid in the reconstruction – is the memory of the defenders of the fatherland. Kul-Sharif Mosque – is symbolic and has its own unique architecture. No wonder this mosque is located in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

HISTORY.

After a long defense, which lasted exactly 41 days, 2 October 1552 the Russian army burst in Kazan. Historians call this heroic defense, since the vast 150,000th Muscovite army led by Ivan the Terrible resisted no more than 30 thousand soldiers and cavalry. No one thought of surrender Kazan. However, the latest technical arms of Ivan the Terrible brutally forced their way into the burning city.

The fire covered the news city. Many mosque tower, the walls of which fiercely protect and defend Kazan led by Seid Kul-Sharif, almost completely burned. Last fight to destroy all the city’s defenders. Before Tsar Ivan the Terrible appeared defeated city. He was surprised to examining the most beautiful palaces, which were able to survive, and the strengthening of the city. King celebrated his victory and in honor of that ordered the construction of a memorial temple. In Moscow revived the beautiful St. Basil’s Cathedral, with nine towers (only the ninth time Ivan the Terrible was able to win Kazan). A central Kazan mosque was completely destroyed. After taking the city, Kazan was a sad look. All the defenders were killed and the town was almost completely burned down. The capital of the Khanate was in ruins, fires continued.

During the defense of Kazan Seid Kul-Sharif was the chief executive. His disciples offered stubborn resistance, but after the assault they all died heroically. Kul-Sharif died too. The mosque was destroyed and burned.

Many years have passed. And at a time when democracy was rolled out in all its glory, the public began to raise the question of whether to restore the famous Kul-Sharif Mosque. Tatar people for centuries dreamed about it, and then, finally, the President of the Republic of Tatarstan went to meet them. In autumn 1995, the President of the Republic of Tatarstan issued a decree on the reconstruction of the Kul-Sharif in the Kazan Kremlin. In the winter in 1995 was a competition among architects, who were to present the best project of reconstruction of the mosque. A year later, in the winter 1996, it was solemnly laid a memorial sign. A spring 1997 laid the foundation of the mosque.

IT IS  SYMBOLIC KUL-SHARIF MOSQUE .

The most important symbol is the place that chose to build a new mosque. This area was chosen by a survey of experts. Mosque somehow inexplicably bypassed all the many geological failures, faults and landslides, which are abundant in the rest of the Kremlin. The complex is oriented towards Mecca with the highest precision. Schools, barracks and a military parade Cadets’ School symbolizes centuries of military force, which replaced the Tatars. And here it is now built a cult center, which represents the change of different eras.

The artistic image of the whole complex has incorporated a semantic elements that have brought it to the architecture of the mosque Tatar traditions. It is symbolically reflected the legend of the tragic fate of the Kul-Sharif Mosque. The architects have also introduced additional towers, thereby bringing the mosque to the legendary image. and the dome has a shape that is associated with the image of a crown of Kazan khans.

The construction took about 400 million rubles, the money donated 40 thousand citizens and many organizations. The opening day of the mosque became a real celebration of the Tatar people. Thousands of people flocked to the Kazan flows to the eyes to see this mosque. The mosque, named after the legendary Seid Kul Sharif.

That’s all for today…

With love, your HRT Ray.